Gum Surgery

Gum Surgery:

Gum/Periodontal disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth.

The three stages of gum disease — from least to most severe — are gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis.

Signs & Symptoms

Gum disease can be painless, so it is important to be aware of any of the following symptoms:

  • Swollen, red, tender or bleeding gums
  • Gums that recede or move away from the tooth
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste in mouth
  • Loose Teeth
  • Visible pus surrounding the teeth and gums

Types of Gum Surgery

  1. Gingival Flap Surgery – If pockets are greater than 5 millimeters in depth, the dentist would conduct this procedure to reduce the periodontal pockets and remove the infected, nectrotic tissues.
    • Most patients who have been diagnosed with moderate to severe periodontitis would go through this procedure.
  2. Either conventional flap surgery or laser flap surgery. The Laser one is completely non – invasive, no pain,no bleeding,no swelling,extremely comfortable and effective.
    Gingivectomy – This procedure is conducted to remove excess gum tissue that may be overgrown on the teeth to provide a better area to clean the teeth.
  • The dentist would anesthetize the patients gum tissue and cut and eliminate the extra gum tissue in the mouth and prevent infection.
  • Gingivoplasty – This type of gum surgery is used to reshape healthy gum tissue around the teeth to make them look better.
    • If a person has tooth recession where the gum is pushed away from the tooth, a gingivoplasty can be done.
    • A gum graft can be done where the tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth (this is called a graft) and then stitched into place on either side of the tooth that is recessed.
    • After gum surgery, it is important that the dentist inform you how to clean the teeth and gum tissue with a toothbrush and an antimicrobial fluoride toothpaste, floss and antibacterial mouth rinse.